Рубрика: Անգլերեն ընտրություն

Christmas Traditions in Korea

Картинки по запросу Christmas on Korea

Christianity is relatively new to Asia, but today about 30% of the South Korean population is Christian. Therefore, Christmas (Sung Tan Jul) is celebrated by Christian Korean families and is also a public holiday (even though South Korea is officially Buddhist).

South Korea is the only East Asian country to recognize Christmas as a national holiday, so schools, businesses and government offices are closed on Christmas Day. Stores remain open, and the Christmas holiday doesn’t usually anchor an extended winter break, as it often does in other countries and cultures.

Christmas is banned in North Korea, and so those living in North Korea cannot decorate or attend services for the holiday.

Christmas in Korea: Religious Traditions

South Korean Christians celebrate Christmas similarly to the way the holiday is celebrated in the West, but with less emphasis on presents and decorations and more emphasis on the religious traditions underlying the holiday. In Korea, Christmas is primarily a religious holiday and less an excuse for shopping and sales prices.

In South Korea at Christmas time, some families do put up Christmas trees, people exchange presents, and stores do put up holiday decorations, but the festivities start much closer to Christmas Day, as opposed to in early November, as is common in the United States.

Christmas lights and decorations are common in Seoul, the capital of South Korea, and major stores put up large light displays.

Families may attend mass or a church service on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day (or both), and caroling parties are popular for young Christians on Christmas Eve. Even non-Christians may attend a service on Christmas Day.

Grandpa Santa is popular with children in Korea (he’s known as Santa Harabujee), and he wears either a red or blue Santa suit. Kids know him as a happy grandfather figure who gives out presents, and stores employ Santas to greet shoppers and hand out chocolate and candies.

People in Korea usually exchange presents on Christmas Eve, and instead of piles of presents, one present (or a gift of money) is customary.

Korean Christmas Foods and Meals

Some families celebrate Christmas with meals and gatherings at homes, but Koreans also celebrate Christmas by going out. Restaurants are busy on Christmas, as it is considered a romantic holiday for couples (much like Valentine’s Day), and theme parks and shows have special Christmas events.

Christmas buffets are popular in Seoul, and many residents reserve their tables well in advance of the holiday. It’s possible to find everything from traditional roasted turkey to sushi and crab legs at Christmas buffets.

Many younger people celebrate and party on Christmas with friends and spend New Year’s Day with their families (the reverse to Christmas/New Year’s in the West). For non-Christian Koreans, Christmas is a popular shopping day.

Рубрика: Անգլերեն ընտրություն

Etruscan Gold Book

Pyrgi Gold Tablets

Although not much is known about the Etruscan Gold Book, it is believed to be oldest book in the world as it dates back to around 600 BCE. The entire book is made out of 24 carat gold and consists of six sheets bound together, which have illustrations of a horse-rider, a mermaid, a harp, and soldiers. The book was found sometime in the late 1950s in a tomb uncovered during digging for a canal along the Strouma river in Bulgaria.

In 2003, the finder of the book, who has asked to remain anonymous, donated the book to the Bulgaria’s National History Museum. According to the museum’s director at the time, Bojidar Dimitrov, the book’s authenticity was verified by two experts in Sofia, Bulgaria and London, England.

Рубрика: English 7-1, Անգլերեն ընտրություն

Armenian lavash

images.jpg  images (1)

As in many cultures of the Caucasus and Middle East, bread and wheat are important elements of Armenian lifecycle events and festivals. Families offer bread and salt to their houseguests to welcome them. Hosts of births and weddings serve or display wheat kernels and special stews and breads. A new bride has a piece of lavash placed on her shoulders, signifying luck, wealth, and the new life she will bring into the family.

To break bread with someone is to share a common experience, and to experience Armenia you have to witness the baking and enjoy the simple pleasures of lavash. Many Armenian words and expressions derive from the simple, yet significant, act of breaking bread. For instance, the word for a gathering or party, utel-khmel, literally translates to “eat-drink.” The word for friend, enker, means “eating together.” Foods create and mark relationships and identity wife and husband, family, community, nation.

Making lavash requires flour, water, sometimes yeast, the wood-fired tonir oven, and time, but preparations differ almost from village to village. Just as Armenia’s mountainous South Caucasus terrain creates multiple distinct microclimates that nurture diverse plant and animal species, so too did the mountains create a historic diversity in cultures and foods.Neighboring villages were isolated by cliffs and gorges, so each developed different ways of baking this seemingly simplest of foods.


1.8 cups all-purpose flour

2. 1 tbsp salt

3. 1 heaping tbsp baking powder

4. 2 tbsp sugar

5. 1/2 lb (2 sticks) unsalted butter, melted

6. 3 cups warm water

7. 1 egg mixed with a little water for egg wash



1. Preheat the oven to 425°F.

2.Place the flour in a large mixing bowl. Sift the salt, baking powder, and sugar into the flour. Stir well.

3.Add the melted butter and most of the water.

4.Mix well until dough forms. If the dough seems too dry, add some of the remaining water and continue to mix.

5.Knead the dough on a lightly floured surface until smooth. Divide the dough into 5 or 6 balls.

6.Working with one ball at a time, roll dough into a rectangle shape that will fit on a 16”x12” baking sheet.

7.Fold the rectangle-shaped dough into thirds, then in thirds again, creating a little bundle.

8.Roll this bundle into a large rectangle a second time (this will create flaky layers). Place rolled dough on an ungreased 16”x12” baking sheet.

9.Brush the surface with egg wash.

10.Bake on the lower oven rack for 15 minutes, or until bottom starts to brown.

11.Move the tray to the upper oven rack for another 5 to 10 minutes, until the top becomes a golden brown.

12.Remove from oven. Cool completely. Cut into 12 or 16 pieces.

13.Repeat this process until all balls of dough have been shaped and baked.

14.Store in an airtight container for two weeks or serve immediately with cheese and fruit.


Рубрика: Անգլերեն ընտրություն

Spanish Customs and Traditions, Family life in Italy

«Family is an extremely important value within the Italian culture,» Talia Wagner, a Los Angeles-based marriage and family therapist, told Live Science. Their family solidarity is focused on extended family rather than the West’s idea of «the nuclear family» of just a mom, dad and kids, Wagner explained. Italians have frequent family gatherings and enjoy spending time with those in their family. «Children are reared to remain close to the family upon adulthood and incorporate their future family into the larger network.

Рубрика: Անգլերեն ընտրություն

Sport in my life

I love sports very much. But my favorite sport is football. I did not like this sport, but it was times to go and I started to love it. One time I tried but it did not get and second time to me get. My friends play football and l started playing with them, and from that I changed my sport to football.

Рубрика: Անգլերեն ընտրություն

My animal

My favorite animal is dog. It` is very dutiful dog, I love him very much. He didn’t bark on human beings. He has beautiful skin, his eyes shine like a star, and he is not like other dogs. Everything we are going to walk, we eat together every day, and we play together. When l is hear a song, he comes and asks that give him to eat, and I give him something to eat.